Welcome to this post where we’ll compare two popular frameworks: NestJS and Laravel.
These frameworks have gained significant popularity among developers. Choosing the right framework for your project is crucial because it can greatly impact your development experience, productivity, and the overall success of your application.
In this post, we’ll closely examine NestJS vs Laravel, exploring their key features, use cases, pros, and cons. By the end of this comparison, you’ll have a clearer understanding of which framework is the best fit for your next project.
Whether you’re an experienced developer looking to explore new frameworks or a beginner starting your journey in web development, this article will provide valuable insights to help you make an informed decision.
So, let’s dive right in and discover the similarities, differences, and unique strengths of NestJS and Laravel!
Overview of NestJS
NestJS is a powerful and popular framework for building scalable and efficient server-side applications using TypeScript. It is built on top of Node.js and leverages its asynchronous, event-driven nature.
NestJS follows a modular and highly structured architectural pattern, heavily inspired by Angular. Key Features of NestJS include:
- Modular Architecture: NestJS promotes a modular approach to application development, allowing you to divide your code into reusable and independent modules. This modular structure enhances code organization, testability, and scalability.
- Dependency Injection: NestJS provides a powerful dependency injection system that simplifies managing dependencies between different components of an application. This facilitates code reusability, loose coupling, and easier testing.
- Decorators and Metadata: Decorators in NestJS enable you to attach metadata to classes, methods, and properties, providing a way to define various aspects of an application, such as route handling, validation, and authentication.
- Powerful CLI: NestJS offers a CLI tool that accelerates the development process. It assists in scaffolding project files, generating components, modules, controllers, and more, reducing boilerplate code and increasing your productivity.
- Support for WebSockets: NestJS provides built-in support for real-time applications and WebSockets. This allows you to create interactive and event-driven applications that can handle bidirectional communication between the server and clients.
- Extensive Middleware Support: NestJS offers a wide range of middleware options, enabling you to customize the request/response pipeline with functionalities like authentication, logging, error handling, and caching.
- Robust Testing Framework: NestJS comes with a comprehensive testing framework that simplifies unit testing, integration testing, and end-to-end testing of applications. This ensures the reliability and stability of the codebase.
NestJS combines the best practices and patterns from various frameworks and libraries, providing you with a solid foundation for building scalable and maintainable server-side applications.
Overview of Laravel
Laravel is a widely adopted PHP framework known for its elegance, simplicity, and expressive syntax. It provides a robust foundation for developing web applications with an emphasis on clean, readable code. Laravel follows the MVC architectural pattern, which separates the application’s logic, presentation, and data.
Here are the key features of Laravel:
- Expressive Syntax: Laravel offers an expressive and intuitive syntax that simplifies the process of writing code. It provides a fluent and readable API, making it easier for you to understand and maintain your applications.
- Eloquent ORM: Laravel comes with an ORM tool called Eloquent. It simplifies database interactions by allowing you to work with databases using PHP objects and intuitive syntax, reducing the need for complex SQL queries.
- Blade Templating Engine: Laravel includes the Blade templating engine, which provides a simple yet powerful way to create dynamic views. Blade templates offer features like template inheritance, control structures, and reusable components, enhancing code reusability and maintainability.
- Artisan CLI: Laravel comes bundled with the Artisan CLI, a powerful tool that automates repetitive tasks. It allows you to generate code scaffolding, run migrations, manage database seeding, and perform other common development tasks, saving time and effort.
- Routing and Middleware: Laravel provides a clean and flexible routing system that allows you to define application routes in a readable and organized manner. Middleware functionality enables you to apply filters and perform actions on incoming requests, providing an additional layer of control and security.
- Authentication and Authorization: Laravel simplifies the implementation of user authentication and authorization functionalities. It provides pre-built authentication scaffolding, including registration, login, and password reset functionality. Additionally, Laravel offers a robust authorization mechanism with fine-grained access control.
- Caching and Performance Optimization: Laravel supports various caching drivers, such as Redis and Memcached, to improve application performance. It also provides features like query caching, route caching, and opcode caching, enhancing the overall speed and efficiency of the application.
- Testing and Debugging: Laravel includes a comprehensive testing suite that facilitates the testing of various aspects of an application. It supports unit testing, integration testing, and even browser testing with tools like PHPUnit and Laravel Dusk. The framework also provides helpful debugging and error-handling capabilities.
Laravel’s popularity stems from its ability to streamline the web development process while maintaining code elegance and readability. It offers a rich ecosystem with a vast array of community-contributed packages and extensions, making it a versatile framework for building a wide range of web applications.
NestJS vs Laravel
Here’s a table summarizing the key differences between NestJS and Laravel:
|Language and Syntax||TypeScript, Angular-style development||PHP, expressive syntax|
|Architecture||Modern, scalable||Simple, straightforward|
|Database Integration and ORM||Supports multiple databases, powerful ORM||Eloquent ORM, excellent database support|
|REST API Development||Decorator-based routing||Expressive routing syntax|
|Authentication and Authorization||Third-party library support||Comprehensive built-in system|
|Real-time Applications and WebSockets||Built-in support, scalable||External packages or custom implementation|
|Testing and Debugging||Robust testing framework||Extensive testing tools and debugging support|
|Performance and Scalability||High performance, scalable||Good performance, scalability|
|Popularity||Gaining popularity in Node.js community||Most popular PHP framework|
|Ecosystem and Community Support||Growing ecosystem, active community||Vast ecosystem, strong community support|
|Learning Curve||Moderate, familiarity with TypeScript and Angular is a plus||Shallow, easy for beginners and PHP developers|
|Use Cases||Suitable for enterprise projects, real-time applications||Versatile, wide range of applications|
In the next sections, we’ll compare each aspect in more detail.
Language and Syntax
When comparing NestJS and Laravel, it’s important to understand the languages and syntax they utilize. NestJS is built on top of Node.js and primarily uses TypeScript, while Laravel is a PHP framework.
TypeScript in NestJS
NestJS leverages TypeScript, bringing several advantages to the table:
- Enhanced Readability: TypeScript enforces strong typing, making the code more readable and self-documenting. It provides clearer insights into variable types and function signatures, reducing ambiguity and potential errors.
- Improved Maintainability: TypeScript supports modern language features like classes, interfaces, and modules, which aid in writing well-organized and maintainable code. It promotes code reuse, encapsulation, and separation of concerns.
- Early Error Detection: TypeScript performs static type checking during the development phase, catching errors and issues before runtime. This helps identify common mistakes and provides faster feedback on potential bugs.
PHP in Laravel
Laravel, on the other hand, is a PHP framework renowned for its expressive and clean syntax. Key points about PHP in Laravel include:
- Vibrant PHP Ecosystem: Laravel benefits from the vast PHP ecosystem, which offers numerous packages, libraries, and frameworks for various purposes. This extensive ecosystem provides you with a wide range of options to enhance your Laravel applications.
- Server-Side Scripting: PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development. It excels at generating dynamic content, interacting with databases, and handling HTTP requests and responses, making it an ideal choice for web applications.
The architecture of a framework plays a crucial role in the development process and the long-term maintainability of an application. Let’s explore the architectural patterns utilized by NestJS and Laravel.
NestJS follows a modular and highly structured architectural pattern, heavily inspired by Angular. The key architectural components of NestJS include:
- Module: Modules in NestJS encapsulate a specific functionality or feature of an application. They group related components, controllers, services, and other files together, promoting modularity and code organization.
- Controller: Controllers handle incoming requests and define the routes for the application. They receive requests, process them, and return the appropriate responses. Controllers act as intermediaries between the client and the business logic.
- Service: Services contain the business logic of an application. They handle data manipulation, perform operations, and interact with external resources such as databases or APIs. Services are typically injected into controllers or other services through dependency injection.
- Provider: Providers in NestJS are responsible for injecting dependencies throughout the application. They are used to manage the instantiation and lifecycle of objects and facilitate loose coupling between different components.
- Middleware: Middleware functions in NestJS intercept incoming requests and responses, allowing you to modify and process them before reaching the intended destination. Middleware functions can perform tasks like authentication, logging, and error handling.
Laravel follows the MVC pattern, which separates the application’s concerns into three main components:
- Model: Models in Laravel represent the data layer of the application. They define the structure, relationships, and interactions with the database. Models encapsulate data manipulation logic and provide an abstraction layer for accessing and modifying data.
- View: Views in Laravel handle the presentation layer of the application. They are responsible for rendering HTML, displaying data to the user, and gathering input through forms. Laravel’s Blade templating engine simplifies the creation of dynamic and reusable views.
- Controller: Controllers in Laravel handle the logic between the models and views. They receive requests from the routes, interact with the models to fetch or modify data, and pass the data to the appropriate views for rendering. Controllers facilitate the flow of data and user interactions.
Laravel also includes additional components like routes, middleware, and services that enhance the architectural structure and provide additional functionality.
Both architectural approaches have their advantages and considerations.
NestJS follows a modern and consistent architecture, aligning well with the Angular ecosystem. This can be particularly advantageous for developers who are familiar with Angular or prefer to utilize Angular for their front-end development.
NestJS emphasizes a structured and organized codebase, facilitating easier testing. However, NestJS’s architecture may involve more complexity and verbosity, leading to the need for additional boilerplate code and configuration.
In contrast, Laravel adopts a simpler and more straightforward architecture, making it accessible and user-friendly, especially for newcomers to web development or those experienced with PHP.
Laravel’s architecture provides a level of flexibility and customization, allowing you to tailor your applications to specific needs. However, Laravel’s architecture may encounter scalability and maintainability challenges, particularly when dealing with large and complex applications.
Database Integration and ORM
Database integration and the availability of a reliable ORM tool are crucial considerations when selecting a framework. Let’s explore how NestJS and Laravel handle database integration and ORM.
NestJS offers seamless integration with various databases through its flexible and extensible modules. It supports popular databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, and more.
NestJS provides a built-in Data Access Object (DAO) pattern implementation that simplifies database interactions.
For ORM, NestJS has a strong integration with TypeORM, a powerful and feature-rich ORM tool. TypeORM allows you to work with databases using TypeScript classes and provides a convenient way to perform database operations, define relationships between entities, and handle migrations.
With TypeORM, you can focus on the object-oriented approach and leverage advanced features like eager loading, lazy loading, and transactions.
Laravel has excellent support for database integration, making it easy to work with a variety of database systems. It supports databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and SQL Server out of the box.
Laravel’s database configuration is simple and can be easily customized to connect to the desired database.
Laravel comes with its Eloquent ORM, which provides a straightforward and expressive way to interact with databases.
Eloquent allows you to define database tables as PHP classes, making it easy to perform CRUD operations, define relationships, and handle database queries. It simplifies database interactions by abstracting away the need to write complex SQL queries manually.
In short, both NestJS and Laravel provide efficient database integration and robust ORM tools.
REST API Development
Building robust and efficient REST APIs is a common requirement in modern web development. Let’s explore how NestJS and Laravel facilitate REST API development.
NestJS REST API Development
Here are some key features of NestJS for REST API development:
- Decorator-based Routing: NestJS uses decorators like
@Get()to define routes and handle HTTP methods. This approach promotes a clean and intuitive way of structuring API endpoints.
- Request Handling: NestJS provides decorators such as
@Query()to easily access request data from the body, URL parameters, and query parameters. This simplifies data validation and extraction.
- Serialization and Deserialization: NestJS leverages decorators like
@Deserialize()to automatically serialize and deserialize objects to and from JSON. This helps in transforming data between the application and the client.
- Exception Handling: NestJS offers a robust exception-handling mechanism. You can use decorators like
@Catch()to define custom exception filters that gracefully handle errors and return appropriate responses.
Laravel REST API Development
Laravel provides a comprehensive set of tools and features for building RESTful APIs. It incorporates the principles of resourceful routing and follows RESTful conventions. Key features of Laravel for REST API development include:
- Routing: Laravel offers a clear and concise routing system that allows you to define API routes using a fluent and expressive syntax. It supports various HTTP methods and allows the grouping of routes for better organization.
- Request Handling: Laravel provides convenient methods to access request data, including input validation, handling JSON payloads, and retrieving parameters from the request. It simplifies data retrieval and validation in API controllers.
- Response Generation: Laravel makes it easy to generate API responses with the appropriate status codes, headers, and content. It offers response helpers like
json()to handle JSON responses effortlessly.
- Middleware: Laravel’s middleware functionality allows you to add layers of functionality to API routes. Middleware can perform tasks such as authentication, authorization, and request preprocessing, enhancing the security and reliability of the APIs.
Both NestJS and Laravel excel at REST API development, providing you with efficient tools and features to create robust APIs.
Authentication and Authorization
Authentication and authorization are critical aspects of web applications to ensure secure access and protect sensitive data. Let’s compare how NestJS and Laravel handle authentication and authorization.
NestJS Authentication and Authorization
NestJS provides flexibility when it comes to authentication and authorization by supporting various strategies and libraries. Here are the key features of NestJS in this regard:
- Passport Integration: NestJS seamlessly integrates with the popular authentication library called Passport. Passport allows you to implement authentication strategies such as JWT, OAuth, and more. It simplifies the process of authenticating users and securing API endpoints.
- Guard Mechanism: NestJS introduces guards that help in implementing authorization rules. Guards are responsible for determining whether a request should be allowed or denied based on user roles, permissions, or other criteria. You can define custom guards to enforce access control rules.
- Decorator-based Authorization: NestJS leverages decorators to apply authorization rules at the controller or method level. You can use decorators like
@Policies()to specify the required roles or policies for accessing specific routes or actions.
Laravel Authentication and Authorization
Laravel provides a comprehensive authentication and authorization system out of the box. It offers a wide range of features and integrations to secure your application. Here are the key features of Laravel in this regard:
- Authentication Middleware: Laravel includes a middleware that handles user authentication. It provides simple-to-use middleware for protecting routes and verifying user credentials. You can easily apply the middleware to specific routes or groups of routes.
- Eloquent ORM Integration: Laravel integrates its authentication system with the Eloquent ORM, making it effortless to authenticate users against the database. It provides a user model with built-in methods for password hashing, verification, and retrieval.
- Authorization Gates and Policies: Laravel introduces authorization gates and policies to control access to resources. Gates allow you to define authorization logic based on conditions, while policies encapsulate authorization logic for specific models or resources.
Both NestJS and Laravel offer robust solutions for authentication and authorization.
Real-time Applications and WebSockets
Real-time applications, which require instantaneous data updates and bidirectional communication, have become increasingly popular. Let’s explore how NestJS and Laravel address real-time functionality and support WebSockets.
NestJS for Real-time Applications
NestJS provides excellent support for real-time applications through the integration of WebSockets. It offers a WebSocket module that allows you to easily build real-time features. Here are the key features of NestJS for real-time applications:
- WebSocket Gateway: NestJS provides a WebSocket Gateway that acts as a central hub for handling WebSocket connections and managing communication between the server and clients. You can define event listeners and handle incoming WebSocket messages within the gateway.
- Broadcasting and Rooms: NestJS supports broadcasting messages to multiple clients or specific groups of clients using rooms. This enables efficient message distribution and facilitates building chat applications, live dashboards, or collaborative tools.
- Built-in Events: NestJS includes built-in events that trigger when a client connects, disconnects, or sends a message. You can listen to these events and execute custom logic, such as updating data or notifying other clients.
Laravel for Real-time Applications
Here are the key features of Laravel for real-time functionality:
- Broadcasting Events: Laravel allows you to define and broadcast custom events, which clients can subscribe to using Laravel Echo. This enables real-time communication and synchronization between the server and clients.
- Presence Channels: Laravel supports presence channels, which allow you to track the presence of users within a channel. This is useful for building chat applications or displaying online/offline statuses.
Both NestJS and Laravel offer robust solutions for real-time applications and support the use of WebSockets.
Testing and Debugging
Both NestJS and Laravel provide robust features and integrations for testing and debugging.
NestJS offers a testing-friendly environment with built-in support for unit testing and integration testing. Its dependency injection system facilitates mocking and isolating dependencies, which can be advantageous for effective unit testing.
Additionally, NestJS integrates well with popular testing frameworks like Jest.
On the other hand, Laravel provides a comprehensive testing environment with support for feature testing and unit testing using the PHPUnit framework. Laravel’s testing capabilities allow you to simulate user interactions and verify the behavior of individual classes and methods.
Laravel also integrates well with debugging tools like Xdebug, aiding in the efficient debugging of applications.
Performance and Scalability
When evaluating frameworks like NestJS and Laravel, it’s essential to consider their performance and scalability characteristics. Let’s explore how these frameworks fare in terms of performance and scalability.
Laravel is renowned for its excellent performance and scalability. It leverages various techniques and optimizations to ensure the efficient execution of PHP code.
Laravel’s robust caching mechanisms, database query optimization, and support for technologies like Redis and Memcached contribute to its impressive performance.
Additionally, Laravel provides built-in tools for managing server resources, such as task scheduling and queue management, enabling you to build scalable applications that can handle high loads.
NestJS, being built on top of Node.js, inherits the performance benefits of the Node.js runtime. Node.js utilizes an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model, making it highly efficient and capable of handling concurrent requests.
NestJS also offers scalability options by leveraging the power of Node.js clusters and load-balancing techniques. These features allow applications built with NestJS to handle increased traffic and scale horizontally as the demand grows.
In short, both Laravel and NestJS exhibit good performance capabilities. Laravel’s optimizations and caching mechanisms ensure efficient PHP execution, while NestJS leverages the inherent performance advantages of Node.js.
NestJS and Laravel are both popular web frameworks that have been gaining a lot of traction in recent years.
We can compare the popularity of these frameworks by looking at some metrics such as GitHub stars, downloads, and StackOverflow questions. Here is a table that summarizes some of these metrics as of May 2023:
|npm downloads (weekly)||2.3M||N/A|
|Packagist downloads (monthly)||N/A||667k|
Based on these stats, we can see that Laravel is more popular than NestJS.
However, NestJS is not far behind, which indicates that it has a loyal and growing user base. NestJS is also relatively newer than Laravel, so it may catch up in popularity over time.
Ecosystem and Community Support
Laravel is a highly popular web development framework used globally, with a large user community due to the substantial number of apps being built by developers worldwide.
The majority of developers assist one another, share their packages, and mentor new devs. Laravel also has a rich ecosystem of packages that extend its functionality and make it easier to integrate with other services and technologies.
NestJS is relatively newer than Laravel, but it has gained a lot of popularity and adoption in recent years. NestJS has a loyal and growing user base, as evidenced by its GitHub stars and npm downloads.
NestJS also has a supportive and friendly community that helps each other on platforms like Discord, Stack Overflow, Reddit, etc.
NestJS takes advantage of the extensive Node.js ecosystem and seamlessly integrates with a wide range of other libraries, such as Express, Fastify, GraphQL, TypeORM, etc. NestJS also has its own official packages that enhance its features and capabilities.
The learning curve plays a crucial role in choosing a framework, as it determines the time and effort required to master it. Let’s explore the learning curves of NestJS and Laravel.
Laravel, the most popular PHP framework, offers a clean syntax and a shallow learning curve. It’s especially user-friendly for you familiar with PHP and the MVC pattern.
Laravel provides extensive documentation, guides, and video tutorials, making it easy to get started and adopt best practices. The framework’s rich ecosystem of packages enables seamless integration with other technologies.
NestJS, a modern Node.js framework, introduces a steeper learning curve. It leverages TypeScript, which enhances code quality but adds complexity. Decorators in NestJS simplify code structure but may require some additional understanding.
NestJS draws inspiration from Angular, making it easier for Angular developers to learn. The framework offers comprehensive documentation and compatibility with existing Node.js libraries.
In summary, Laravel offers a shallow learning curve for PHP developers, supported by extensive resources, while NestJS has a steeper learning curve due to TypeScript and Angular influences.
Both NestJS and Laravel have their strengths and are suitable for different use cases. Let’s explore the typical scenarios where each framework shines.
NestJS Use Cases
NestJS, with its TypeScript and Angular-inspired architecture, is a powerful choice for building scalable and maintainable applications. Some common use cases for NestJS include:
- Real-time Applications: NestJS excels in developing real-time applications and chat systems that require instant data updates and bi-directional communication through WebSockets.
- Microservices: NestJS’s modular architecture and support for messaging protocols like RabbitMQ and Kafka make it ideal for building microservices-based architectures.
- API Gateways: With its built-in routing and middleware capabilities, NestJS can be utilized to create API gateways that aggregate and route requests to multiple services.
- Enterprise Applications: NestJS’s focus on clean code structure, testability, and scalability makes it suitable for developing large-scale enterprise applications that require maintainability and extensibility.
Laravel Use Cases
Laravel, as a robust PHP framework, has a wide range of use cases and is highly versatile. Some typical scenarios where Laravel shines include:
- Web Applications: Laravel’s simplicity, extensive documentation, and rich feature set make it an excellent choice for developing web applications, ranging from small to large-scale projects.
- Content Management Systems (CMS): Laravel’s elegant routing, database management, and templating system provide a solid foundation for building content-rich websites and CMS platforms.
- E-commerce Platforms: Laravel’s comprehensive ecosystem of packages, coupled with its flexible database management and payment gateway integrations, makes it well-suited for developing e-commerce platforms.
- API Development: Laravel’s expressive routing syntax, robust validation system, and authentication mechanisms make it a reliable framework for building RESTful APIs.
Pros and Cons
Let’s take a closer look at the strengths and weaknesses of each framework.
- Modularity and Scalability: NestJS’s modular architecture allows for better organization and scalability of code. It promotes the use of modules, services, and decorators, enabling you to build complex applications with ease.
- TypeScript and Strong Typing: Being built on TypeScript, NestJS brings the advantages of static typing, which improves code quality, catch errors at compile-time, and enhances your productivity.
- Integration with Angular Ecosystem: For developers familiar with Angular, NestJS provides a seamless transition, as it follows similar architectural patterns and leverages decorators and dependency injection. This makes it easier to share code and expertise between front-end and back-end development.
- Extensive Testing Support: NestJS offers robust testing capabilities, including unit testing, integration testing, and end-to-end testing. This allows you to ensure the reliability and correctness of your applications through comprehensive test suites.
- Learning Curve: Due to its TypeScript and Angular influences, NestJS may have a steeper learning curve for developers who are new to these technologies or have a background in different programming paradigms.
- Verbose Syntax: While decorators and modules enhance code organization, they can also lead to more verbose code compared to other frameworks. This can increase the initial setup time and the amount of boilerplate code required.
- Developer-Friendly Syntax: Laravel provides a clean and expressive syntax that makes it beginner-friendly and easy to learn for developers familiar with PHP. Its intuitive API and clear documentation enable you to get up to speed quickly.
- Rich Ecosystem and Community Support: Laravel has a thriving ecosystem with a vast collection of packages and extensions, enabling developers to leverage existing solutions and integrations. The large community ensures continuous development, support, and a wealth of resources.
- Powerful ORM: Laravel’s Eloquent ORM simplifies database interactions by providing an intuitive and expressive syntax for working with databases. It streamlines tasks such as querying, relationships, and migrations, making database management more efficient.
- Performance: While Laravel offers great productivity and ease of development, it may not be as performant as some other frameworks due to its dynamic nature and overhead associated with its expressive features.
- Scalability: Laravel’s simplicity can become a limitation when it comes to scaling large and complex applications. It may require additional effort and architectural considerations to handle high traffic and large datasets efficiently.
In the battle of NestJS vs Laravel, both frameworks offer unique strengths and cater to different needs in web development. Let’s recap what we’ve learned:
NestJS, built on top of Node.js, provides a modern and scalable approach to building robust applications. It offers a familiar syntax for TypeScript developers and draws inspiration from Angular, making it an attractive choice for those already comfortable with Angular-style development. With its powerful features like decorators and dependency injection, NestJS excels in building real-time applications and RESTful APIs.
On the other hand, Laravel, the most popular PHP framework, provides a simple and straightforward development experience. It boasts an expressive syntax, a shallow learning curve, and solid community support. Laravel’s extensive ecosystem, coupled with its built-in features like authentication, validation, and database abstraction, makes it an excellent choice for rapid application development.
Ultimately, both NestJS and Laravel have proven themselves as reliable frameworks, each with its own loyal following in the development community. Whether you prioritize scalability, performance, ease of use, or flexibility, both frameworks offer robust solutions for building modern web applications.
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Q: Which framework is better for beginners?
A: Both frameworks have their own learning curves, but Laravel is considered to have a shallower learning curve and is generally easier for beginners to pick up. NestJS, on the other hand, maybe a bit more challenging due to its use of TypeScript and Angular-style development.
Q: Which framework is better for larger projects?
A: Both frameworks are suitable for large projects, but NestJS may be better suited for enterprise-level projects due to its focus on scalability and maintainability.
Q: Which framework is better for real-time applications?
A: NestJS may be better suited for real-time applications due to its support for WebSockets and its focus on scalability and performance.
Q: Which framework is more popular?
A: Laravel is currently more popular, particularly in the PHP community, but NestJS has been gaining popularity in recent years and has a strong following in the Node.js community.